What is HAZMAT?
Hazardous Materials or HAZMAT include those materials designated by the Secretary of the Department of Transportation as posing an unreasonable threat to the public and the environment. There are nine classes of hazardous materials: (1) Explosives; (2) Gases; (3) Flammable Liquid and Combustible Liquid; (4) Flammable Solid, Spontaneously Combustible, and Dangerous When Wet; (5) Oxidizer and Organic Peroxide; (6) Poison (Toxic) and Poison Inhalation Hazard; (7) Radioactive; (8) Corrosive; and (9) Miscellaneous.
How to Accurately Report Hazardous Materials Information?
- Does the vehicle have a hazardous materials placard?
- Placards should be on all four sides of the vehicle
- For containers with bulk packages inside, if the required ID# marking is not visible, the transport vehicle must be marked on each side and each end
- Enter the four-digit number (or name) from the placard _ _ _ _
- The four-digit number may be on an orange panel or a white “square-on-point” panel
- If no four-digit number appears on the placard, enter the Placard Name
- Enter the hazardous materials class number from the bottom of the placard
- The Class Number can be a one- or two-digit number with a decimal in the middle (i.e. 5.1)
- It is critical for identifying and studying various types of hazardous materials involved in traffic crashes
- Was hazardous cargo released?
- The intent of this question is to determine whether any of the placarded material was released or escaped from its transport container into the environment
- Fuel or oil carried by the vehicle for its own use is NOT considered cargo and should not be reported in this section
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