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Any object that goes in the air is under the jurisdiction of the FAA. This includes model rockets, kites, airplanes, balloons, etc. These are the official rules that you must follow in the United States.
14 CFR 101.1-.101.29 – FAA Notification, Limitations and Waivers
The basic purpose of the National Fire Protection Association Codes is to keep people safe. Many of the local fire ordinances are based on these codes. These codes are also used to create the NAR & Tripoli Rocketry safety codes.
NFPA 1122: Code for Model Rocketry – Usage, storage and information for model rocket users (NAR safety code is based on this document).
NFPA 1125: Code for the Manufacture of Model Rocket and High Power Rocket Motors – Only need this for making your own rocket motors.
NFPA 1127: Code for High Power Rocketry – Usage, storage and information for High Power rocket users (NAR & Tripoli safety codes is based on this document).
These are the regulations that control the shipping of Model and High Power rocket motors.
49 CFR Subchapter C Hazardous Materials Regulations – Federal regulations regarding the shipment of High Power rocket motors (HAZMAT). Describes packaging, handling, and transportation.
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HAZMAT Shipping Requirements per FMCSA
The definition of HAZARDOUS MATERIALS includes those materials designated by the Secretary of the Department of Transportation as posing an unreasonable threat to the public and the environment. The term “Hazardous Materials” includes all of the following: (1) Hazardous Substances, (2) Hazardous Wastes, (3) Marine Pollutants, (4) Elevated Temperature Material (5) Materials identified in 172.101, and (6) Materials meeting the definitions contained in Part 173.
HM REGULATED BY U.S. D.O.T.
CLASS 1 EXPLOSIVES
- DIVISION 1.1 MASS EXPLOSIVE HAZARD
- DIVISION 1.2 PROJECTION HAZARD
- DIVISION 1.3 MASS FIRE HAZARD
- DIVISION 1.4 MINOR EXPLOSION HAZARD
- DIVISION 1.5 VERY INSENSITIVE EXPLOSIVES
- DIVISION 1.6 EXTREMELY INSENSITIVE EXPLOSIVES
Explosives were formerly classified as Class A, B, C or Blasting Agent. A comparison of the old and new classification system is contained in 173.53.
In addition to the change in classification systems, we are now concerned with compatibility groups which are designated by alpha characters: 1.1A, 1.2D, etc. Information on the different compatibility groups are contained in 49 CFR 173.52.
CLASS 2 GASES
- DIVISION 2.1 FLAMMABLE GASES
- DIVISION 2.2 NON-FLAMMABLE GASES
- DIVISION 2.3 POISONOUS OR TOXIC
This class includes materials that are Compressed, Dissolved under Pressure, or Pressurized Cryogenic Liquids, and Liquefied Gases
CLASS 3 FLAMMABLE LIQUID
Includes materials whose Flash Point (FP) is not more than 141F
NOTE: See Combustible Liquids below
CLASS 4 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS
DIVISION 4.1 FLAMMABLE SOLID
DIVISION 4.2 SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL
DIVISION 4.3 DANGEROUS WHEN WET
CLASS 5 OXIDIZING SUBSTANCES; ORGANIC PEROXIDES
DIVISION 5.1 OXIDIZER
DIVISION 5.2 ORGANIC PEROXIDE
CLASS 6 POISONOUS (TOXIC) AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES
DIVISION 6.1 POISONOUS (TOXIC) MATERIAL
DIVISION 6.2 INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCE
CLASS 7 RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL
CLASS 8 CORROSIVES
CLASS 9 MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS GOODS *
*Category includes Environmentally Hazardous Substances, Elevated Temperature Material, Hazardous Wastes, and Marine Pollutants.
COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS Materials whose FP is greater than 141 F but less than 200EF are still regulated domestically as combustible liquids. Materials transported domestically only, whose FPs are 100 F up to 141 F may be reclassified as combustible in accordance with 173.120(b).
A COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID which does not sustain combustion is not subject to the requirements of the HMRs. See Appendix H, Part 173 for the required tests.
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Lithium Batteries Requirements per IATA . Lithium batteries have become the preferred energy source to power a wide variety of consumer goods ranging from mobile phones to children toys to cars and e-bikes. Though widely used, most people are not aware that lithium batteries are dangerous goods that can pose a safety risk if not prepared in accordance with the transport regulations. To help with compliance, IATA has developed guidance for shippers, freight forwarders, ground handlers, airlines, and passengers.